DROPOUT RATES IN THE UNITED STATES 2011

Tìm thấy 10,000 tài liệu liên quan tới từ khóa "DROPOUT RATES IN THE UNITED STATES 2011":

BÀI TIỂU LUẬN BỘ MÔN ĐẤT NƯỚC HỌC MỸ

BÀI TIỂU LUẬN BỘ MÔN ĐẤT NƯỚC HỌC MỸ

HANOI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION FACULTY OF ENGLISH AMERICAN STUDIES Portfolio Supervisor: …………………… Student: ………………………. Class: ………………………. Hanoi 2015 I. Introduction 1. What is the Bill of Rights? 2. What is in the Bill of Rights? II. History of the Bill of Rights III. Importance of the Bill of Rights. IV. Conclusion I. Introduction American citizens enjoy many basic rights (freedoms and privileges). In the United States, you have the right to worship as you choose. You have the right to speak freely and to read the books you want to read. If you disagree with government polices, you have the right to protest against them. Why? Because in America, these important rights are protected by the Bill of Rights. 1. What is the Bill of Rights? The Bill of Rights is the name of the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States. They were introduced by James Madison to the First United States Congess in 1789 as a series of articles. The Constitution is the document that lays out the basic rules of American government. The states approved the Bill of Rights in 1791, four years after the Constitution was written. James Madison, the fourth president of the United States, was a strong supporter of the Bill of Rights. He read his proposed Bill of Rights in the First Congress. Today, many democratic nations around the world have the bill of rights that protect the basic freedoms and privileges of their citizens. 2. What is in the Bill of Rights? The Bill of Rights protects a wide range of rights. Many of these rights are designed to defend a citizen’s personal freedoms. These rights include freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and freedom to protest against government policies. Other rights are designed to make sure that citizens who are accused of wrongdoing are treated fairly. These include the right to a trial by jury and the right to a lawyer’s help. THE FIRST 10 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION AS RATIFIED BY THE STATES ("The Bill of Rights") Amendment I Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Amendment II A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. Amendment III No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. Amendment IV The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
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BÀI TẬP TIẾNG ANH LỚP 10 UNIT 3 CÓ ĐÁP ÁN

BÀI TẬP TIẾNG ANH LỚP 10 UNIT 3 CÓ ĐÁP ÁN

money for her tuition.In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her (6) …………… in Paris.She wanted to be a surgeon, but a serious eye infection (7) …………… her to abandon the idea.Upon returning the United States, she found it difficult (8) …………… her own practice becauseshe was a woman. By 1857, Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another female doctor,managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children. Besides being the first female(9) …………… in the United States and founding her own hospital, she also (10) …………… thefirst medical school for women.III. Add a sentence with the past perfect, using the notes.1. Claire looked very suntanned when I saw her last week.She had just been on holiday (just/ be on holiday)VnDoc - Tải tài liệu, văn bản pháp luật, biểu mẫu miễn phí2. We rushed to the station, but we were too late.(the train/ just/ go)3. I didn’t have an umbrella, but that didn’t matter.(the rain/ stop)4. When I got to the concert hall, they wouldn’t let me in.(forget/ my ticket)5. Someone got the number of the car the raiders used.(steal/ it/ a week before)6. I was really pleased to see Rachel again yesterday.(not see/ her/ for ages)7. Luckily, the flat didn’t look too bad when my parents called in.(just/ clean/ it)8. The boss invited me to lunch yesterday, but I had to refuse the invitation.(already/ eat/ my sandwiches)9. The man sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous.(never/ fly/ before)
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Topic 26: The country I would like to visit

TOPIC 26: THE COUNTRY I WOULD LIKE TO VISIT

The country I would like to visit I have heard much about the beauty of the East as well as the West, about the wonderful islands in the Pacific and also in the Atlantic. In short, the whole world seems to be full of beautiful places. The country that I would like to visit, however, is the United States of America.  My knowledge of the United States of America is derived from the geography and history books that I have read, the films that I have seen and the stories that I have heard from people who have visited this country.  The United States of America is a vast country with a mixed population. People from many different lands have come and settled here. This mixture of different races of people with different customs, religions, cultures and abilities have created a nation unique in history. Although this country has a very short history compared with that of the other large countries in the world, it is an example to the world of how people of different races could live together in peace and harmony. The exchange of ideas among the people of so many racial origins here has contributed greatly to the progress and prosperity of the nation. There are world famous scientists, doctors, lawyers, engineers, teachers and politicians whose original homes were in many different lands. The work of such men has made this country a wonderful land indeed. The roads, buildings and cinemas here may be said to be the best in the world. There are many places and things of interest such as Hollywood, the United Nations building. Niagara Falls and the skyscrapers. Even the natural vegetation and features are rich in variety. If one travels across the land, one will find different kinds of scenery in different places. Further, as the people here still follow their original customs and traditions, one will also have the feeling that one is passing through many different countries.  The people of the United States are proud of their country, for it was their country that gave the modern world ideas of freedom. The name of Abraham Lincoln will always be remembered by those who believe in the freedom of man. It was the United States, again, who saved the world from destruction in two World Wars. Such a country must be a wonderful land, and it is for this reason that I would like to visit this country some day.  NEW WORDS: 1. derive (v): xuất phát từ, bắt nguồn từ 2. racial (adj): thuộc chủng tộc 3. sky-scraper (n): nhà chọc trời 4. destruction (n): sự phá huỷ, sự tiêu diệt 
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TOEIC 870 QUESTIONS TIẾNG ANH

TOEIC 870 QUESTIONS TIẾNG ANH

(A) skin(B) which is smooth(C) smooth skin(D) smooth-skinned18. In the second half of the nineteenth century, textiles from the southwestern United state, particularlyfabrics woven by the Navajo people, _____________________ .(A) began to be used as rugs(B) rugs began to be used(C) as rugs began to be used(D) began to used them as rugs19. During adolescence many young people begin to question ------ held by their families.(A) the values(B) of the values(C) the values are(D) are the values20. During the Middle Ages, handwriting notices kept groups of nobles informed of important events.ABCD21. In her writing, Elimor Wylie often dealt with her own personality as it was, rather than _________ .(A) as was defines by others(B) its definitions by others(C) other's definition(D) as others defined it22. Congress chartered the first Bank of the United States in 1791 to engage in general commercialbanking and __________ as a fiscal agent of the federal government.(A) to act(B) acting(C) that has acted
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TOEIC 870 QUESTIONS

TOEIC 870 QUESTIONS

149. The railway network expanded rapidly until the railroad map of the United States looked like aABspider's web, with the steel filaments connect all important sources of raw materials, their places ofCmanufacture, and their centers of contribution.D150. The railroad contributed to the industrial growth not only by connecting these major centers, but alsoby themselves consume enormous amounts of fuel, iron, and coal.ABCD151. The increased urban population was nourished by the increased farm production that, in turn, wasABmade more productive by the use of the new farm machine.CD152. Europe now began to send tides of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe - most of themGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.ABwere originally poor farmers but who settled in American industrial cities.CD
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ĐỀ THI HỌC KỲ 2 MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 CƠ BẢN PHÒNG GD ĐT THÁI THỤY THÁI BÌNH NĂM HỌC 2015 2016

ĐỀ THI HỌC KỲ 2 MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 CƠ BẢN PHÒNG GD ĐT THÁI THỤY THÁI BÌNH NĂM HỌC 2015 2016

C. will typeCâu 23. Cool the burns immediately so as to . . . . . tissue damage.A. minimizeB. maximizeC. relieveCâu 24. I asked her why . . . . . school the day before.A. all are correctB. she didn't goC. she has gone toCâu 25. He was sitting on the beach when he . . . . . a shout.A. was hearingB. has heardC. heardD. typingD. easeD. she hasn't gone toD. hearsIII. Read the passage below carefully, choose the best anwer (A, B, C or D) to fill in eachnumbered blank from number 26 to number 30.One of the most famous statues in the (26) . . . . . stands on an island in New York Harbor.This statue is, of course, the Statue of Liberty. The Statue of Liberty is a woman (27) . . . . . holds atorch up high. Visitors can go inside the statue. The statue weighs 225 tons and is 301 feet (28) . . . .The Statue of Liberty was put up in 1886. It was a gift to the United States (29) . . . . . the people ofFrance. In the years after the statue was put up, many immigrants came to the United States throughNew York. As they entered New York Harbor, they saw the Statue of Liberty (30) . . . . . up hertorch. She symbolized a welcome to a land of freedom.Câu 26. A. worldB. countries
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3500 SENTENCES OF CERTIFICATE B P46

3500 SENTENCES OF CERTIFICATE B P46

9. Most joggings begin because they hear jogging is very good exercise.a. joggingsb. hearc. joggingd. isa10.There is fewer rainfall on the West Coast of the United States than on theEast Coast.a. fewerb. rainfallc. the West Coastd. the East Coasta11. Water, ice and snow play a role in affecting an earth's rotation.a. Waterb. a rolec. an earth'sd. rotationcGrammar and Vocabulary12. His wife does not weigh so ………........... as he …….............a. heavy / isb. much / isc. much / doesd. heavy / doesc13.The mother looked .............. at her naughty child.a. anger
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BÀI ĐỌC HIỂU TIẾNG ANH

BÀI ĐỌC HIỂU TIẾNG ANH

1. Hãy đọc đoạn văn sau và chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất trong số A, B, C và D.Tomatoes are probably the most popular garden vegetable grown in the United States.This can be attributed to their unique flavour, attractiveness, richness as a source ofvitamin C and A; and versatility as a food. The popularity of peppers can be attributed tothe same factors, although they are usually not consumed in large enough quantities tomake them an important nutritional factor in the diet.The cultivated tomato originated in the Andes mountains of South America. It wasintroduced to other areas of the world by Indians and European travelers. The first reportsof the tomato in North America was in 1710 where it was grown primarily as anornamental plant. Tomatoes began gaining wide acceptance as a food plant in the UnitedStates between 1820 and 1850.Peppers are also native to tropical America and were grown by American tribes inboth North and South America over 2,000 years ago. The small red hot peppers werediscovered by Columbus in the West Indies and introduced into Europe where theybecame popular before gaining widespread acceptance in the United States, Peppersbecame one of the first New World foods used commercially in Europe.1. The topic of this passage is _______.A. food discoveries of early EuropeansB. the nutritional value of garden vegetablesC. tomatoes and peppersD. why tomatoes are more popular than peppers2. According to the passage, why are peppers not an important nutritional factor in adiet?A. People don’t eat enough of them.B. They lack the necessary vitamins.C. They are less tasty than tomatoes.D. Peppers are found in tropical climates.3. It can be inferred from the passage that tomatoes were first used in North America_______.
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6647 PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

6647 PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

The United StatesMexicoPrison (committed a crime)Church (attending services)• Months, years, long periods (in May, in1990, in the next century, five minutes)• In an enclosed space (in a box, inColombia, in my wallet, in the garden)ONThe bed*The ceilingThe floorThe horseThe planeThe busThe radio, the televisionThe left, on the right• Street names (on Van Buren and 44th St)• Days and dates (On Sunday, on March 6th,on Christmas)• Surface (on the wall, on the carpet)NO PREPOSITIONDownstairsDowntownInsideOutsideUpstairs
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CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS 5TH BY SPENCE NILES AND BOWLSBEY CHAPTER 05

CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS 5TH BY SPENCE NILES AND BOWLSBEY CHAPTER 05

Guidelines for Use of Trait-andFactor Approach in 21st Century• Test data are only one piece of a much larger puzzle. should be used less for prediction and more for identifying newoptions.• The client should be more involved in making thedecision about whether to use assessment and forwhat purposes.• The changing demographics of the United Statesnecessitate the need for even more preparationwhen selecting and using assessments in counselingCareer Development Interventions, 5th EditionSpencer G. Nile and JoAnn E. Harris-BowlsbeyCopyright © 2017, 2013, 2009 by Pearson Education,Inc.All Rights ReservedAssessment and the CareerPlanning Process• Step 1 - may use an instrument to measurecareer maturity, career beliefs or decisionmaking style• Step 2 - may use inventories to measureinterests, abilities, skills, work values, orpersonality type
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ENGLISH MOOD TEST 003

ENGLISH MOOD TEST 003

English Mood Test 003Questions1.2.3.If the United States had build more homes for poor people in 1955, the housingproblems now in some parts of this country __________ so serious.A.wouldn't beB.will not have beenC.wouldn't have beenD.would have not been__________ that the time will soon be ripe for intervention in Iran, they would befaced by a large army.A.

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TỔNG HỢP TÀI LIỆU THI GMAT (13)

TỔNG HỢP TÀI LIỆU THI GMAT (13)

Answer:-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Q19:In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always beenhigher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollmentsin Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of theKravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, theaverage salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than doKravonians with only one college degree.B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salariesis higher now than it was several years ago.C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely toa scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree willnot increase over the next four years.E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.Answer:-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Q20 to Q23:In Winters v. United States(1908), the Supreme Court heldthat the right to use waters flowLine ing through or adjacent to the(5) Fort Berthold Indian Reservationwas reserved to American Indiansby the treaty establishing the reservation. Although this treaty didnot mention water rights, the Court(10) ruled that the federal government,when it created the reservation,
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American culture THE ADVANTAGES OF FOREIGN POLICIES OF USA IN SOUTHEAST ASEAN AREA

American culture THE ADVANTAGES OF FOREIGN POLICIES OF USA IN SOUTHEAST ASEAN AREA

The foreign policy of the United States is the way in which it interacts with foreign nations and sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and individual citizens. The end of the Cold War heralded major readjustments in American foreign policy around the globe as the United States emerged as the hegemonic power. For Southeast Asia, however, major change began earlier with the military disengagement and subsequent messy departure of the U.S. from South Vietnam in 1975. Subsequently, through succeeding administrations, Washington remained generally inattentive to the region, involving itself only sporadically in response to political crises and to ensure access to markets. This changed after September 2001, when the George W. Bush administration labeled Southeast Asia the “second front” of terrorism and took steps to reinvolve the U.S. in the region.
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ENGLISH PAGE SANTA FE NEW MEXICO

ENGLISH PAGE SANTA FE NEW MEXICO

CULTURAL NOTE:In the United Statesthe word "pueblo" refers to a particular kind of traditional, nativehttp://www.englishpage.com/vocabulary/interactivelesson12.html1/2American community found in the Southwest. These communities are known for theiradobe buildings, which are also sometimes called "pueblos."ExercisesVocabulary in ConversationVocabulary Follow­UpCopyright © 2016 Englishpage.com, All Rights Reserved.Contact us | Privacy Policy | Advertise with usYour personal online English school. Learn English at Englishpage.com!Weekly Lesson   Grammar Book   Vocabulary   Verb Tenses   Conditionals   Modals  Gerunds / Infinitives   Articles   Prepositions   Mini­tutorials   Irregular Verbs   Reading Room  Listening Lounge   Games   English Forums   English Schools   English · Foreign Dictionaries  English ·English Dictionaries   Irregular Verb Dictionary   Phrasal Verb Dictionary  Verb + Preposition Dictionaryhttp://www.englishpage.com/vocabulary/interactivelesson12.html2/2
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ADJUDICATORY AUTHORITY IN PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW THE HAGUE ACADEMY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW MONOGRAPHS _ FREE DOWNLOAD: BIT.LY/FREE123DOC

ADJUDICATORY AUTHORITY IN PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW THE HAGUE ACADEMY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW MONOGRAPHS _ FREE DOWNLOAD: BIT.LY/FREE123DOC

The Maciej Rataj, [1991] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 458 (QBD (Adm. Ct.) 1991).Alfred C. Toepfer International GmbH v. Société Cargill France CA, [1998] 1 Lloyd’sRep 379 (CA 1997).Travers v. Holley, [1953] P. 246 (CA 1953).Turner v. Grovit and Others, [2000] 1 QB 345 (CA 1999).Turner v. Grovit and Others, [2001] UKHL 65, No. 65 (HL 2001).Vynor`s Case (1609), 8 Coke Repr. 81b.United StatesFederal CourtsAdams v. Saenger, 303 US 59 (1938), reh. denied, 303 US 666 (1938).Allendale Mutual Ins. Co. v. Bull Data Sys., Inc., 10 F. 3d 425 (7th Cir. 1993).Alton v. Alton, 207 F. 2d 667 (3d Cir. 1953), cert. granted, 347 US 911 (1954), vacatedas moot, 347 US 610 (1954) (per curiam).American Almond Products Co. v. Consolidated Pecan Sales Co., 144 F. 2d 448(2nd Cir. 1944).Asahi Metal Indus. Co. v. Superior Court of California, 480 US 102 (1987).Baker v. General Motors Corp., 522 US 222 (1998).Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Co. v. Kepner, 314 US 44 (1941).Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 38 US (13 Pet.) 519 (1839).Bernhardt v. Polygraphic Co. of America, 350 US 198 (1956).Black & White Taxi & T. Co. v. Brown & Yellow Taxi & T. Co., 276 US 518 (1928).Blinn v. Nelson, 222 US 1 (1911).Buckeye Check Cashing, Inc. v. Cardegna, 126 SCt 1204 (2006).Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz, 471 US 462 (1985).Burnham v. Superior Court of California, 495 US 604 (1990).Carbon Black Export, Inc. v. The Monrosa, 254 F. 2d 297 (5th 1958), writ of cert.dismissed as improvidently granted, 359 US 180 (1959).Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute, 499 US 585 (1991).Cohens v. Virginia, 19 US (6Wheat.) 264 (1821).
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IMPROVING EXERCISE

IMPROVING EXERCISE

d. professora. tutorb. realizec. privated. scientificIII. Complete the passage with correct form of the words from the boxforce determine possible difficulty write physic move final educateestablishElizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821 and (1) moved to New York City when shewas ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly(2)impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After (3)writing many lettersseeking admission to medical schools, she was (4)finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. So(5)determined was she that she taught school and gave music lessons to earn money for hertuition.In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her (6)education inParis. She wanted to be a surgeon, but a serious eye infection (7)forced her to abandon the idea.Upon returning the United States, she found it (8) difficult to start her own practice because shewas a woman. By 1857, Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another female doctor,managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children. Besides being the first female(9)physician in the United States and founding her own hospital, she also (10)established the first medicalschool for women.IV. Put the verbs in the past perfect or past simple.177. I went to the box office at lunch time, but they had already sold all the tickets.178. I felt very tired when I got home, so I went straight to bed.179. I felt better by the summer, but the doctor warned me not to do too much. I had been veryill.180. At last, the committee was ready to announce their decision. They had made up their mind.181. Last night, I went to Jim’s room and knocked on the door but there was no answer. Either hehad gone out or he didn’t want to see anyone.6. Angel asked me how to use the photocopier. She had never used it before, so she didn’t
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AMERICAN STUDIES ASSIGNMENT AMERICAN EDUCATION

AMERICAN STUDIES ASSIGNMENT AMERICAN EDUCATION

Nearly 6.2 million students between the ages of 16 and 24 in 2007 dropped out of highschool, including nearly three of 10 Hispanics.In 2010, there were 3,823,142 teachers in public, charter, private, and Catholic elementaryand secondary schools. They taught a total of 55,203,000 students, who attended one of 132,656schools.States do not require proper reporting from their school districts to allow analysis ofefficiency of return on investment.Teachers worked from about 35 to 46 hours a week in a survey taken in 1993.Elementary schoolElementary school includes kindergarten through fifth grade (or sometimes, to fourth grade,sixth grade or eighth grade). In elementary school, basic subjects are taught, and students oftenremain in one or two classrooms throughout the school day, with the exceptions of physicaleducation ("P.E." or "gym"), library, music, and art classes. There are (as of 2001) about 3.6million children in each grade in the United States.Typically, the curriculum in public elementary education is determined by individual schooldistricts. The school district selects curriculum guides and textbooks that are reflective of a state'slearning standards and benchmarks for a given grade level. Learning Standards are the goals bywhich states and school districts must meet adequate yearly progress (AYP) as mandated by NoChild Left Behind (NCLB). This description of school governance is simplistic at best, however,and school systems vary widely not only in the way curricular decisions are made but also in howteaching and learning take place. Some states and/or school districts impose more top-downmandates than others. In others, teachers play a significant role in curriculum design and there arefew top-down mandates. Curricular decisions within private schools are made differently than theyare in public schools, and in most cases without consideration of NCLB.Public Elementary School teachers typically instruct between twenty and thirty students ofdiverse learning needs. A typical classroom will include children with a range of learning needs orabilities, from those identified as having special needs of the kinds listed in the Individuals withDisabilities Act IDEA to those that are cognitively, athletically or artistically gifted. At times, anindividual school district identifies areas of need within the curriculum. Teachers and advisory
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ELECTRICIAN''S EXAM QUESTION AND ANSWERS

ELECTRICIAN''S EXAM QUESTION AND ANSWERS

Paul RosenbergVice President and ExecutivePublisher: Robert IpsenVice President and Publisher:Joseph B. WikertAcquisitions Editor: Katie FeltmanDevelopment Editor: Regina BrooksEditorial Manager: Kathryn A. MalmProduction Editor: Vincent KunkemuellerText Design & Composition: TechBooksCopyright © 2004 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana. All rights reserved.Published simultaneously in CanadaNo part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 UnitedStates Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, orauthorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the CopyrightClearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400,fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed tothe Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis,IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4447, E-mail: permcoordinator@wiley.com.Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have usedtheir best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warrantieswith respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written salesmaterials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages,including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages.For general information on our other products and services please contact our
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Business Cycles in the Eastern Caribbean Economies The Role of Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates

BUSINESS CYCLES IN THE EASTERN CARIBBEAN ECONOMIES THE ROLE OF FISCAL POLICY AND INTEREST RATES

This paper analyzes the business cycle characteristics of the economies of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States using a model of a small open economy subject to interest rate and fiscal expenditure shocks and financial frictions. The paper shows that macroeconomic aggregates in this region are quite volatile, with consumption exhibiting higher volatility than gross domestic product. The analysis also finds that in these economies real interest rates are highly volatile and strongly countercyclical with gross domestic product and other macroeconomic aggregates. Similarly, fiscal expenditures show significant volatility, but are procyclical with gross domestic product. The results suggest two major directions for designing policies to help reduce the volatility experienced by the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States economies. First,
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GREAT POWERS AND OUTLAW STATES UNEQUAL SOVEREIGNS IN THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ORDER CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW

GREAT POWERS AND OUTLAW STATES UNEQUAL SOVEREIGNS IN THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ORDER CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW

of democracy, civilisation and decency today? Should international legalrules operate equally as between the Great Powers and the other statesor is it unrealistic to expect Russia or the United States or France to bexivprefacebound by the same restrictions on, say, the use of force as the rest ofthe international community?In all this there is the inevitable allure of studying high politics(the Great Powers) and international deviance (outlaw states), each setagainst the apparent innocence of an international legal order based onsovereign equality. Politically, this book was written as a way of reinterpreting international law’s past by rejecting its bogus doctrinal innocence without collapsing it into mere politics. I wanted to understandthe Great Powers and outlaw states as legal concepts, as relevant to legality as sovereign equality. The idea was to make a stand for relative autonomy without thereby suggesting that law was emancipation or progressto the brutish materialism of politics or international relations.More specifically, the writing of this book was motivated by three experiences. First, I had long been drawn to international law theory. Thepeople who interested me were described (though rarely self-described)as ‘theorists’ and their work simplified complex doctrine and complicated apparently simple propositions about the world. In my own work,I decided to begin tracing the development of an idea across time andstudy how theories participated in or modified this development. I wasinterested in the effects of, for example, ‘liberalism’ on the way peopleimagined what they were doing.Second, I had been doing work on ‘sovereignty’ in international law,e.g. why indigenous peoples did not possess it and how ethnic groupsgot it. This work seemed unsatisfactory so I shifted from thinking ofsovereignty as a given (the problem then being who should acquire it)to conceptualising it as a problem. Here, I became interested in thechanges in the form of sovereignty wrought by the adoption of certain
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