SỞ GD- ĐT TỈNH ĐIỆN BIÊN ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC LẦN
IITRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN LÊ QUÝ ĐÔN Môn: TIẾNG ANH Năm học: 2009-2010
Thời gian làm bài : 90 phút Mã đề 147Read the passage then circle the best option A, B, C or D to complete the following questions or statements:The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the symbols of the United States of America. It is located in SanFrancisco, California, and spans the Golden Gate Strait- a mile-wide strait that connects the Pacific Ocean tothe San Francisco Bay. It is surely one of the most beautiful bridges in the world, and also one of the tallest (the height of abridge is the height of the towers). The bridge as it is today was designed by architects Irving and GertrudeMorrow. However their art deco project was not the first Golden Gate Bridge. The original plans for thebridge were drawn in 1916, but they were a very complicated and ugly structure, certainly not somethingAmerica could ever be proud of. The bridge was a true experiment in its time; such a long suspension bridge had never been tried before.It had the highest towers, the thickest cables and the largest underwater foundations ever built. Thefoundations were a real problem, because they had to be cast in the depth of more than 100 feet. Extremedepth wasn’t a sole problem. The real challenge lay in the sinking of the piers in the violent waves of theopen sea, which was thought to be almost impossible. The construction began in 1933, and was finished in1937, when the bridge opened to pedestrians. (It was opened to cars one year later). The bridge was finishedahead of schedule and cost much less than was estimated. Today, the Golden Gate Bridge has a main span of4,200 feet (almost a mile) and a total length of 8, 981 feet. The towers supporting the huge cables rise 746feet above the water. Each steel cable is 7, 650 feet long and has a diameter of 36 inches. “International orange” is the colour the bridge has always been painted. The architects chose it because itblends well with the span’s natural setting. However, if the Navy had had its way, the bridge would havebeen painted black with yellow stripes- in favor of greater visibility for passing ships. There are fog horns tolet passing ships know where the bridge is, and aircraft beacons on the tops of the towers to prevent planesfrom crashing into them. The Golden Gate Bridge is the first sight for many people approaching the United States by boats. It isalmost the West Coast’s” Statue of Liberty”, and is something everyone should visit at least once.