USE OF DDGS IN SWINE DIETS

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MISTAKES IN THE USE OF NOUNS

MISTAKES IN THE USE OF NOUNS

Mistakes in the use of nounsAdjectives are words used to modify nouns. It is therefore wrong to omit nouns after adjectives.Incorrect: He lives with his elder.Correct: He lives with his elder brother.Incorrect: Please give me some blotting.Correct: Please give me some blotting paper.Incorrect: They sent him to a boarding.Correct: They sent him to a boarding school.NotesThe expressions the elder and the eldest are used as nouns.He is the elder of the two.Nouns that do not have a plural formThe following nouns do not have a plural form: rice, corn, food, cattle, furniture, mischief, filth, dirt, needlework,woodwork, machinery, hair, advice, poetry, abuse, scenery, clergy and fuel.Incorrect: Switzerland is famous for its beautiful sceneries.Correct: Switzerland is famous for its beautiful scenery.Incorrect: Indians have black hairs.Correct: Indians have black hair.Incorrect: I don’t need your advices.Correct: I don’t need your advice.NotesThe nouns rice, corn, food etc., have a plural form as well. The plural forms are used only when differentvarieties of rice, corn or food are mentioned.The nouns brick and stone are usually used in the singular form to talk about the material used to build a home.This house is built of stone. (NOT This house is built of stones.)The nouns cattle, clergy and people are already plural in sense. They don’t have any plural form. For example,you can’t say cattles.Stay on top of your writing! Download our grammar guide from www.englishgrammar.org to stay up-to-date.Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
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towards sustainability of land use in a highly vulnerable and degraded

TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY OF LAND USE IN A HIGHLY VULNERABLE AND DEGRADED

Bui Le Vinh
Towards sustainability of land use in a highly vulnerable and degraded
tropical soil landscape of northern Vietnam – bridging scales
Auf dem Weg zu einer nachhaltigen Landnutzung in einer sehr anfälligen und
degradierten tropischen Bodenlandschaft des nördlichen Vietnam – Skalen
Überbrückung
Hướng tới sự bền vững trong sử dụng đất cho vùng đất bị thoái hóa và dễ bị
tổn thương ở vùng đồi núi phía bắc Việt Nam – Mô hình mở rộng
This thesis was accepted as a doctoral dissertation on December 17th, 2014 in fulfilment of the
requirements for the degree “Doktor der Agrarwissenschaften” by the Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences at Hohenheim University.
Date of oral examination: March 24th, 2015
Examination Committee:
Head of the Committee: Prof. Dr. Jens Wünsche
Supervisor and Review: Prof. Dr. Karl Stahr
CoReviewer: Prof. Dr. Joachim Müller
Additional examiner: PD Dr. rer. nat. Daniela Sauer
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COMMON MISTAKES IN THE USE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS

COMMON MISTAKES IN THE USE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Common mistakes in the use of personal pronounsThe pronouns that are used as subjects are: I, he, she, we, they, you and it.The pronouns that are used as objects of verbs or prepositions are: me, him, her, us, them, you and it.Note that you and it does not change.She is my friend. (NOT Her is my friend.) (Here she is the subject of the verb is.)I love her. (NOT Me love she.) (Her is the object of the verb love.)She cheated me. (NOT Her cheated I.) (Me is the object of the verb cheated.)She sat beside me. (NOT She sat beside I.) (Me is the object of the preposition beside.)ExerciseWrite each sentence using the correct pronoun from those in the brackets.1. Neither my brother nor ………………. (me / I) have been to Paris.2. The manager offered Jane and ………………. (me / I) a good job.3. I run as fast as …………………. (she / her.)4. He thinks that ………………. (we / us) two can win the doubles match.5. Between you and ……………….. (me / I) there are few secrets.6. Both ……………….. (him / he) and I are going for a walk.Answers1. Neither my brother nor I have been to Paris.2. The manager offered Jane and me a good job.3. I run as fast as her. OR I run as fast as she does. (‘I run as fast as she’ is extremely formal.)4. He thinks that we two can win the doubles match.5. Between you and me there are few secrets.6. Both he and I are going for a walk.Stay on top of your writing! Download our grammar guide from www.englishgrammar.org to stay up-to-date.Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
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COMMON MISTAKES IN THE USE OF SOME CONJUNCTIONS

COMMON MISTAKES IN THE USE OF SOME CONJUNCTIONS

Common mistakes in the use of some conjunctionsScarcely and hardlyThese words are followed by when or before, not than.Hardly had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. OR Scarcely had I entered the roomwhen a strange creature ran out. (NOT Hardly had I entered the room, than …)No sooner is followed by than, not whenNo sooner did she complete one project than she started working on the next.As you can see, the adverbs hardly, scarcely and no sooner are all negative expressions. When a negativeexpression comes at the beginning of a sentence, we use inverted word order. That means the auxiliary verbcomes before the subject.These adverbs can also go in mid-position. In that case, we use normal word order.I had hardly entered the room when a strange creature ran out.I had scarcely solved one problem before another cropped up.Not only…but alsoThis correlative conjunction is often confused. When using not only… but also, you must make sure that bothparts of this conjunction go before words of the same parts of speech.The controversy not only damages our image but also decreases investor confidence.Here not only and but also go before two verbs.She was not only arrogant but also rude.Here not only and but also go before two adjectives.LestThe conjunction lest is not very common in modern English. This word has a negative meaning. Therefore, itshould not be used with not. The only auxiliary verb that can follow lest is should.Work hard lest you should fail. OR Work hard lest you fail. (NOT Work hard lest you should not fail.)The same idea can be expressed using the expression or else.Work hard, or else you will fail.Leave on time, or else you will miss the train.Stay on top of your writing! Download our grammar guide from www.englishgrammar.org to stay up-to-date.
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ERRORS IN THE USE OF RELATIVE PRONOUNS

ERRORS IN THE USE OF RELATIVE PRONOUNS

Errors in the use of relative pronounsCorrect the following sentences1. Jack, that is my friend, is a good boy.2. Last year we visited Shimla that is perhaps the best hill station in India.3. This is the house whom I purchased from Peter.4. We bought some grapes from whose we extracted the juice.5. He lent me a mattress on whose I slept soundly.6. I have a friend who mother works at a bank.7. With what were you exchanging pleasantries?8. We met a traveler who’s bag was stolen.9. Air, that is present everywhere, is essential for life.10. Please try to understand that I say.Answers1. Jack, who is my friend, is a good boy. (That cannot be used in non-identifying relative clauses.)2. Last year we visited Shimla which is perhaps the best hill station in India. (That is not used in non-identifyingrelative clauses.)3. This is the house which I purchased from Peter. (We use which for things; who/whom for people.)4. We bought some grapes from which we extracted juice.5. He lent me a mattress on which I slept soundly.6. I have a friend whose mother works at a bank.7. With whom were you exchanging pleasantries?8. We met a traveler whose bag was stolen. (Whose is the possessive form of who; who’s means who is or whohas.)9. Air, which is present everywhere, is essential for the existence of life.10. Please try to understand what I say.Stay on top of your writing! Download our grammar guide from www.englishgrammar.org to stay up-to-date.Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
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COMMONMISTAKES IN THE USE OF PREPOSITIONS

COMMONMISTAKES IN THE USE OF PREPOSITIONS

Common mistakes in the use of prepositionsAlthough prepositions are small words, they are very important ones. In this lesson, we will explain some commonmistakes in the use of prepositions.Incorrect: Although he is clever, he lacks of experience.Correct: Although he is clever, he lacks experience.Incorrect: The train is now approaching to Boston.Correct: The train is now approaching Boston.Incorrect: We were not allowed to enter into the house.Correct: We were not allowed to enter the house.ExplanationsThe verbs lack, approach and enter are directly followed by objects without prepositions. Other verbs that do notnormally take prepositions are: discuss, marry and resemble.Incorrect: See you on next Friday.Correct: See you next Friday.Incorrect: I will never forget meeting her on that afternoon.Correct: I will never forget meeting her that afternoon.ExplanationPrepositions are not used before a number of common time expressions beginning next, last, this, one etc.Incorrect: Of what color are her eyes?Correct: What color are her eyes?Incorrect: He is of just the right height to be a good soldier.Correct: He is just the right height to be a good soldier.ExplanationExpressions containing words like height, weight, length, size, color, age etc., are usually connected to thesubject by the verb be without a preposition.Incorrect: I am going to home.Correct: I am going home.ExplanationWe do not use to before home.
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Grammar in Use_Reference and Practice for Intermediate Students of English

GRAMMAR IN USE_REFERENCE AND PRACTICE FOR INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS OF ENGLISH

A selfstudy reference and practice book for intermediate and more advanced learners of English. Covering all areas of language which students at this level find difficult, this substantially revised and updated book retains the clarity, simplicity and accessibility of the first edition, adding to it new and redesigned units and appendices, modified righthand page exercises and additional exercises. Easy to use: 136 twopage units combine clear, accurate language presentation on lefthand pages with thorough, varied practice on facing pages. New additional exercises offer further practice of grammar points from different groups of units. Designed for selfstudy: learners choose and study problematic areas with the help of a new study guide. Key section contains answers to all exercises and the study guide. Appendices deal with irregular verbs, tense formation, modals, spelling, short forms and American English.
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 MISTAKES IN THE USE OF ARTICLES

MISTAKES IN THE USE OF ARTICLES

Mistakes in the use of articlesESL students make several mistakes while writing English. Interestingly, most of these mistakes are not all thatserious and can be avoided easily. Here is a quick overview of common mistakes in the use of articles.Two kinds of articlesAs you know, there are two kinds of articles in English – definite article (the) and indefinite article (a/an).While mistakes in the use of articles are not exactly serious, they indicate a lack of proficiency in English.Here is a quick overview of the most important rules that you have to remember when using definite and indefinitearticles.Indefinite articles1. Use indefinite articles (a, an) when you introduce a person or thing for the first time.2. Use indefinite articles when you don’t expect the reader/listener to understand who or what you are talkingabout.3. Use the definite article to refer to a person or thing that has already been mentioned.4. Use the definite article to refer to a person or thing known to both the writer and the reader.5. Do not use any articles when you are speaking in general.6. A singular countable noun must have an article or another determiner with it. A determiner can be a possessive(my, his), a demonstrative (this, that) or a quantifier (some, any, few etc).7. A plural noun can be used with or without an article. Note that no article is used when we are speaking ingeneral.Now test your understanding of these rules. Correct the sentences given below.1. Last Sunday, my husband took me to the good restaurant.2. I live in the small apartment in the suburbs.3. There is the park near my school. There are some beautiful paths in a park.4. Remember a movie we watched last week?Answers1. Last Sunday, my husband took me to a good restaurant.2. I live in a small apartment in the suburbs.3. There is a park near my school. There are some beautiful paths in the park.
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AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, TẬP 41, SỐ 10, 2010

AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, TẬP 41, SỐ 10, 2010

shown to increase the height of villa in the intestineof rat (Uauy, Stringel, Thomas & Quan 1990) andAtlantic salmon, Salmo salar (Burrells, Williams,Southgate & Wadsworth 2001). As a result, the mucosal surface area of the intestine is increased andtherefore nutrients are more e⁄ciently absorbed andutilized. Li, Gatlin III and Neil (2007) reported thatdietary supplementation of a mixture of nucleotidesenhanced the growth and FER of red drum, Sciaenopsocellatus during the ¢rst week of feeding, but the improvement diminished during the following 3 weeksof feeding. Lin,Wang and Shiau (2009) found that theaddition of individual and a mixture of nucleotides inthe diet improved the growth and FER in grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus after 8 weeks of feeding.Nucleotides such as adenosine-, inosine- and uridine-5 0 -monophosphate have been shown to stimulate gustatory sensory cells in several ¢sh species(Ishida & Hidaka 1987; Ikeda, Hosokawa, Shimeno &Takeda 1991; Kubitza, Lovshin & Lovell 1997). Li et al.(2010) reported that the use of DDGS or distillerssolubles in the diet increased feed intake in channelcat¢sh, which they attributed to the possible chemoattractive e¡ects of nucleotides present in the yeastcells. However, no signi¢cant di¡erences in feedconsumption were observed among ¢sh fed variousdiets in the present study. The discrepancy betweenresponses of the present study and Li et al. (2010) cannot be easily explained, but could be due to the largervariation in feed consumption of ¢sh in various replicated tanks in the present study.In the present study, ¢sh did not perform well onthe all-plant control diet as compared with ¢sh feddiets containing ¢sh meal, DDGS and 1% brewersyeast. Although results from previous studies are inconclusive, more evidence appears to indicate thatthe inclusion of ¢sh meal in the diet improves thegrowth and FER of juvenile channel cat¢sh (Mohsen& Lovell 1990; Li, Peterson, Janes & Robinson 2006;
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A STUDY OF STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE USE OF THE SITCOM “FRIENDS” IN ESL CLASSROOM

A STUDY OF STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE USE OF THE SITCOM “FRIENDS” IN ESL CLASSROOM

I. Introduction
1. Sitcom and its worldwide popularity
For several decades, people coming home from work or school have been tempted by their televisions to watch sitcoms, or situation comedies. Sitcoms have been the source of relaxation and entertainment since the 1950s.
Today sitcoms are very popular among all generations of people, since they are entertaining and funny; mirror modern society and reflect social changes; characters and audiences problems are interconnected; and sitcoms are not time consuming due to the fact that each episode takes 30 minutes at longest. The sitcom is one of the most favourite forms of program on television. Not only do sitcoms present current social problems but they also suggest solutions to them; they are full of advice about hot social issues. Since the sitcom is interconnected with its audience, it tries to socialize us, change our habits and make us better (Berman).
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AQUACULTURE NUTRITION, TẬP 18, SỐ 4, 2012

AQUACULTURE NUTRITION, TẬP 18, SỐ 4, 2012

golden apple snail (Pomacea canaculata) meal for fishmeal.No significant differences in survival and growth weredetected among treatments in both experiments. Theauthors concluded that poultry by-product meal andgolden apple snail meal are potential candidates for fishmeal replacement in redclaw diets. Similar results werereported by Garza de Yta et al. (2012) who evaluatedgrowth response of juvenile C. quadricarinatus, reared intanks, offered soybean-based diets (350 g kgÀ1 crude protein, 71 g kgÀ1 lipids) containing either fish meal, poultryby-product meal, ground pea meal or distillers’ dried grainswith solubles (DDGS) meal as protein source. No significant differences were found in survival, growth or feed conversion ratio (FCR) of redclaw crayfish. This might bebecause natural productivity contributed to supplementation of minor deficiencies in essential amino acids. Thompson et al. (2005) reported that juvenile redclaw reared in arecirculating system can be offered practical diets containing 350 g kgÀ1 crude protein with no fish meal if a combination of less expensive plant-protein ingredients such asSBM, wheat, brewer’s grains with yeast is added to thediet. In pond culture of juvenile redclaw, practical dietscontaining 280 g kgÀ1 crude protein with no fish meal butcontaining a combination of plant-protein ingredients(SBM, distillers’ DDGS and milo) was adequate for goodgrowth (Thompson et al. 2006).Forage (detrital) crops (e.g. rice, hay) are often used infreshwater crayfish cultivation (Ackefors 2000; Salame &Rouse 2000; Jones et al. 2002) for presumed benefits suchas supplementation of direct and indirect sources of foodand supplying protective cover for moulting crayfish asthey seek refuge from predators. Fletcher & Warburton(1997) tested fresh and decomposed duckweed (Spirodelasp.) as feed for juvenile crayfish redclaw and found thatdecomposed duckweed supported crayfish growth as wellas commercial pellets did. The authors suggested that preparation of diets using detrital aquatic plants may be a costeffective method of increasing redclaw production. Salame& Rouse (2000) evaluated forage-based feeding strategies
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CULTURE OF VIETNAM IN BEST

CULTURE OF VIETNAM IN BEST

Most Vietnamese address officials with respectful kinship terms, such as "older brother" (anh) or"grandfather" (ong), or in rare cases as "comrade" (dong chi). Events in the late 1990s, notablyseveral uprisings in rural areas in 1997, have demonstrated that the people's respect for the partyand its officials has declined, largely as a result of the highhandedness and corruption of manyofficials. However, significant alternative political movements have not emerged.Social Problems and Control. Vietnam has enjoyed a large measure of stability since the late1970s, but its government today faces a number of significant social problems. Its greatestconcern has been unrest in rural areas brought on by official malfeasance and land disputes. Thegovernment is also concerned about relations with religious groups in the south, particularlyCatholics, Cao Dai, and Hoa Hao, who have demonstrated against the government since the1990s. Another source of concern is smuggling and the production of counterfeit commodities.Three problems that have increased dramatically in urban areas during the 1990s have been theft,prostitution, and drug abuse. Many who engage in the latter two activities are often from thepoorest segments of the population. Official corruption associated with the drug trade and sexindustry are another significant problem.Vietnam has a legal system supported by a police force, a judicial and a security system. Yet,many Vietnamese feel that the system does not work, particularly with regard to its failure eitherto punish high-ranking offenders or to prevent the wealthy from bribing their way out of beingpunished for illegal activities. The former is often made possible by the extremely low salariesreceived by public officials. People also feel that the state deals more severely with politicaldissidents than many civil and criminal offenders. While there is a limited police and securitypresence in rural communities, the tightly-packed living spaces and ubiquitous kinship relationshinder the conduct of many crimes. If possible, local officials often prefer to settle disputesinternally, rather than involve higher authorities. Public skepticism regarding the police andjudicial system is a source of concern for the government.Military Activity. The People's Army of Vietnam has roughly 484,000 active members with threeto four million in the reserves. Over the past decade the military has cut its forces considerably,though recent estimates are that military expenditures constitute an amount equivalent toapproximately 9 percent of the GDP ($650 million). Since its withdrawal from Cambodia in
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ENGLISH CRITICAL READING SQPN

ENGLISH CRITICAL READING SQPN

ORText 5 — ProseIf you choose this text you may not write a critical essay on Prose in Section 2.Read the extract below and then attempt the following questions.Kidnapped by Robert Louis StevensonIn this extract, which is from Chapter 23 of the novel, David Balfour and Alan BreckStewart are with Cluny Macpherson in ‘Cluny’s Cage’.All the while Cluny entertained us with stories of Prince Charlie’s stay in the Cage, givingus the very words of the speakers, and rising from his place to show us where they stood.By these, I gathered the Prince was a gracious, spirited boy, like the son of a race ofpolite kings, but not so wise as Solomon. I gathered, too, that while he was in the Cage,5 he was often drunk; so the fault that has since, by all accounts, made such a wreck ofhim, had even then begun to show itself.We were no sooner done eating than Cluny brought out an old, thumbed, greasy pack ofcards, such as you may find in a mean inn; and his eyes brightened in his face as heproposed that we should fall to playing.10 Now this was one of the things I had been brought up to eschew like disgrace; it beingheld by my father neither the part of a Christian nor yet of a gentleman to set his ownlivelihood and fish for that of others, on the cast of painted pasteboard. To be sure, Imight have pleaded my fatigue, which was excuse enough; but I thought it behoved that Ishould bear a testimony. I must have got very red in the face, but I spoke steadily, and15 told them I had no call to be a judge of others, but for my own part, it was a matter inwhich I had no clearness.Cluny stopped mingling the cards. ‘What in deil’s name is this?’ says he. ‘What kind ofWhiggish, canting talk is this, for the house of Cluny Macpherson?’‘I will put my hand in the fire for Mr. Balfour,’ says Alan. ‘He is an honest and a mettle20 gentleman, and I would have ye bear in mind who says it. I bear a king’s name,’ says he,cocking his hat; ‘and I and any that I call friend are company for the best. But thegentleman is tired, and should sleep; if he has no mind to the cartes, it will never hinder
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