DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY OFFICE OF EXPORT ENFORCEMENT

Tìm thấy 10,000 tài liệu liên quan tới từ khóa "DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY OFFICE OF EXPORT ENFORCEMENT":

Small Business Handbook - Small Business Safety and Health Management Series pdf

SMALL BUSINESS HANDBOOK - SMALL BUSINESS SAFETY AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT SERIES PDF

property losses can serve the same purpose, if theyare used in the same way. The primary purpose ofOSHA-required recordkeeping is to retain informa-tion about accidents that have happened to helpdetermine the causes and develop procedures toprevent a recurrence.incidents, including those where no injury or illnessresulted. This information may assist you in pin-pointing unsafe conditions and/or procedures.Safety councils, insurance carriers and others canassist you in instituting such a system.The employer is required to report to OSHAwithin eight hours of the accident, all work-relatedfatalities or multiple hospitalizations that involvethree or more employees.Even if your business is exempt from routinerecordkeeping requirements, you may be selectedby the Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) ora related state agency for inclusion in an annualsample survey. You will receive a letter directly fromthe agency with instructions, if you are selected.EXPOSURE RECORDS AND OTHERSIn addition to injury/illness records, certainOSHA standards require records on the exposureof employees to toxic substances and hazardousexposures, physical examination reports andemployment records.As you identify hazards, you will be able todetermine whether these requirements apply toyour workplace. Your records should be used in
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United States Government Accountability Office GAO November 2011 Report to the Secretary of the Treasury _part1 doc

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE GAO NOVEMBER 2011 REPORT TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY _PART1 DOC

the Treasury's (Treasury) Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD) annually to determine whether, in all material respects, (1) the schedules are reliable and (2) BPD maintained effective internal control over financial reporting relevant to the Schedule of Federal Debt. Further, GAO tests compliance with selected provisions of laws related to the Schedule of Federal Debt. Federal debt managed by BPD consists of Treasury securities held by the public and by certain federal government accounts, referred to as intragovernmental debt holdings. Debt held by the public primarily represents the amount the federal government has borrowed from the public to finance cumulative cash deficits. Intragovernmental debt holdings represent federal debt owed by Treasury to federal government accounts—primarily federal trust funds such as Social Security and Medicare—that typically have an obligation to invest their excess annual receipts (including interest earnings) over disbursements in federal securities. What GAO Recommends
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United States Government Accountability Office GAO November 2009 Report to the Secretary of the Treasury_part1 ppt

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE GAO NOVEMBER 2009 REPORT TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY_PART1 PPT

aGAOUnited States Government Accountability OfficeReport to the Secretary of the TreasuryNovember 2009FINANCIAL AUDITBureau of the Public Debt’s Fiscal Years 2009 and 2008 Schedules of Federal DebtGAO-10-88This is trial versionwww.adultpdf.comWhat GAO FoundUnited States Government Accountability OfficeWhy GAO Did This StudyHighlightsAccountability Integrity ReliabilityNovember 2009 FINANCIAL AUDITBureau of the Public Debt's Fiscal Years 2009 and 2008 Schedules of Federal Debt Highlights of GAO-10-88, a report to the Secretary of the Treasury GAO is required to audit the consolidated financial statements of the U.S. government. Because of
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Responding to Afghanistan’s Opium Economy Challenge: Lessons and Policy Implications from a Development Perspective

RESPONDING TO AFGHANISTAN’S OPIUM ECONOMY CHALLENGE: LESSONS AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS FROM A DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE

Opium, Afghanistan’s leading economic activity, lies at the heart of the challenges the country faces in state building, governance, security, and development. With their narrow law enforcement focus and limited recognition of development, security, and political implications, current global counternarcotics polices impose a heavy burden on Afghanistan. This paper first provides a summary overview of Afghanistan’s opium economy and the factors determining rural households’ decisions on cultivating opium poppy. It then discusses the dynamic evolution of the Afghan drug industry in recent years, in particular its consolidation around fewer, powerful, politicallyconnected actors and the associated
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Encyclopedia of Global Resources part 106 pps

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GLOBAL RESOURCES PART 106 PPS

their building stones in this manner.Another method of quarrying is rock sawing, which,while generally more expensive than other processes,is also more efficient, as it wastes little material andproduces a smooth-surfaced cut. Various combina-tions of diamond saws, wire saws, diamond-wire saws,and chain saws may be used. Jet piercing, a rapidmethod that cuts a channel several centimeters wide,uses a high-temperature flame combined with a streamof water to disintegrateandclear away rock. Whereverpossible, splitting and cutting operations take advan-tage of natural joint and cleavage planes in the rock.Once blocks are separated from the parent rock, theyare sawed or split into smaller blocks and removed forfinal cutting and finishing, often at a processing planton the quarry site.Portland stone, a type of limestone, is quarried on the Isle of Portland in England.(Mark A. Wilson)Crushed StoneCrushed stone is used chiefly in construction androad building.Raw materials for industry,agriculture,and metallurgy (notably limestone and dolomite)may be obtained as a by-product of crushed-stonequarrying, although the more high-purity materialsare often mined from underground works. Whilelimestone and dolostone are the most commonsources of commercial crushed stone, granite, dia-base, sandstone, and marble are also frequently used.The rocks are initially broken by blasting, which shat-ters rock into fragments that may be further reduced
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United States Government Accountability Office GAO November 2011 Report to the Secretary of the Treasur_part1 pot

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE GAO NOVEMBER 2011 REPORT TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASUR_PART1 POT

GAOUnited States Government Accountability OfficeReport to the Secretary of the TreasuryNovember 2011FINANCIAL AUDITBureau of the Public Debt’s Fiscal Years 2011 and 2010 Schedules of Federal DebtGAO-12-164This is trial versionwww.adultpdf.com United States Government Accountability Office Highlights of GAO-12-164, a report to the Secretary of the Treasury November 2011 FINANCIAL AUDIT Bureau of the Public Debt’s Fiscal Years 2011 and 2010 Schedules of Federal Debt Why GAO Did This Study In connection with GAO’s requirement to audit the consolidated financial statements of the U.S. government, GAO audits the Schedules of Federal Debt managed by the Department of
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Encyclopedia of Global Resources part 84 docx

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GLOBAL RESOURCES PART 84 DOCX

There were several large coal-mining disasters inthe United States in the early twentieth century. In1900, an explosion at the Scofield Mine in Scofield,Utah, killed 200 miners. In 1907, another 361 died inan explosionandfire at Monongah,West Virginia, theworst mining disaster in the history of the UnitedStates. Two weeks later, 239 miners were killed atJacobs Creek, Pennsylvania. In 1908, at Marianna,Pennsylvania, 154 miners were killed. Another 259died in 1909 in a fire at Cherry, Illinois.Global Resources Mining safety and health issues • 765The implements of mining safety have evolved greatly inthe one hundred years sincethis photograph was taken. The miner is wearing a Draeger oxygen helmet. (TheGranger Collection, New York)This series of disasters led Congress to pass the Or-ganic Act of 1910, which established the U.S. Bureauof Mines (USBM) under the Department of the Inte-rior. The idea of such a bureau, which would overseethe collection, evaluation, and dissemination of scien-tific, technical,andeconomic data ofvalueto the min-eral industries, had been under consideration for anumber of years. The early USBM focused on reduc-ing the mortality rate of miners; to this end, it investi-gated mine explosions, promoted miner safety andaccident prevention through training, and strove to-ward improvement of working conditions for miners.However, the Organic Act did not permit the USBMto inspect mines, and adoption of its technical recom-mendations was entirely voluntary. In 1915, Congress
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Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 10 P24 ppt

GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW 3RD EDITION VOLUME 10 P24 PPT

production and distribution and make moreproductive use of its resources.Vertical mergers are subjec t to the provi-sions of theCLAYTON ACT (15 U.S.C.A. § 12 etseq.) governing transactions that come withinthe ambit of antitrust acts. Vertical integrationby merger does not reduce the total number ofeconomic entities operating at one level of themarket, but it may change patterns of industrybehavior. Suppliers may lose a market for theirgoods, retail outlets may be deprived ofsupplies, and competitors may find that bothsupplies and outlets are blocked. Verticalmergers may also be anticompetitive becausetheir entrenched market power may discouragenew businesses from entering the market.The U.S. Supreme Court has decided onlythree vertical merger cases under section 7 ofthe Clayton Act since 1950. In the first case,United States v. E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co.,353 U.S. 586, 77 S. Ct. 872, 1 L. Ed. 2d 1057(1957), the Court upset the general assumptionthat section 7 did not apply to vertical mergers.After finding that du Pont ’s acquisition of23 percent of Genera l Motors (GM) stockGALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW, 3RD E DITION218 VERSUSforeclosed sales to GM by other suppliers ofautomotive paints and fabric, the Court held
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United States Government Accountability Office GAO November 2009 Report to the Secretary of the Treasury_part1 pdf

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE GAO NOVEMBER 2009 REPORT TO THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY_PART1 PDF

the significance of the federal debt held by the public to the governmentwide financial statements, GAO audits the Bureau of the Public Debt’s (BPD) Schedules of Federal Debt annually. The audit of these schedules is done to determine whether, in all material respects, (1) the schedules are reliable and (2) BPD management maintained effective internal control over financial reporting relevant to the Schedule of Federal Debt. Further, GAO tests compliance with a significant provision of law related to the Schedule of Federal Debt (statutory debt limit). Federal debt managed by BPD consists of Treasury securities held by the public and by certain federal government accounts, referred to as intragovernmental debt holdings. The level of debt held by the public primarily reflects how much of the nation’s wealth has been absorbed by the federal government to finance prior federal spending in excess of federal
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Tên các tổ chức và chức vụ nhà nước trong tiếng anh

TÊN CÁC TỔ CHỨC VÀ CHỨC VỤ NHÀ NƯỚC TRONG TIẾNG ANH

... Meteorology Tổng Cục Thể dục thể thao : General Department of Sports and Physical Training Tổng Cục Thống kê : General Department of Statistics 27 2) Các Bộ quyền Mỹ stt 10 11 12 13 14 Tên Tiếng Anh. .. ban tiếp nhận viện trợ nước : Committee for The reception of Foreign Aid Tổng Cục Bưu điện :General Post office Tổng Cục dạy nghề : General Department of Job training Tổng Cục dầu khí :General... Oil and General Gas Tổng Cục Du lịch : General Department of Tourism Tổng Cục Địa chất : General Department of Geology Tổng Cục Đường sắt : General Department Of Railways Tổng Cục Khí tượng thủy
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specifications tolerances and other technical requirements for weighing and measuring devices ppt

SPECIFICATIONS TOLERANCES AND OTHER TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR WEIGHING AND MEASURING DEVICES PPT

measuring devices commercially used or employed in establishing the size, quantity, extent, area, or measurement of quantities, things, produce, or articles for distribution or consumption, purchased, offered, or submitted for sale, hire, or award, or in computing any basic charge or payment for services rendered on the basis of weight or measure. (b) To any accessory attached to or used in connection with a commercial weighing or measuring device when such accessory is so designed that its operation affects the accuracy of the device. (c) To weighing and measuring equipment in official use for the enforcement of law or for the collection of statistical information by government agencies. (These requirements should be used as a guide by the weights and measures official when, upon request, courtesy examinations of noncommercial equipment are made.) G-A.2. Code Application. - This General Code shall apply to all classes of devices as covered in the specific codes. The specific code requirements supersede General Code requirements in all cases of conflict. (Amended 1972) G-A.3. Special and Unclassified Equipment. - Insofar as they are clearly appropriate, the requirements and provisions of the General Code and of specific codes apply to equipment failing, by reason of special design or otherwise, to fall clearly within one of the particular equipment classes for which separate codes have been established. With respect to such equipment, code requirements and provisions shall be applied with due regard to the design, intended purpose, and conditions of use of the equipment. G-A.4. Metric Equipment. - Employment of the weights and measures of the metric system is lawful throughout the United States. These specifications, tolerances, and other requirements shall not be understood or construed as in any way prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or use of equipment designed to give results in terms of metric units. The specific provisions of these requirements and the principles upon which the requirements are based shall be applied to metric equipment insofar as appropriate and practicable. The tolerances on metric equipment, when not specified herein, shall be equivalent to those specified for similar equipment constructed or graduated in the inch-pound system.
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HƯỚNG DẪN XUẤT NHẬP ĐỊNH DẠNG CHUẨN [.dxf]

HƯỚNG DẪN XUẤT NHẬP ĐỊNH DẠNG CHUẨN [

Department of garment technology and fashion design Center of practical training & industry co-operation HƯỚNG DẪN XUẤT NHẬP ĐỊNH DẠNG CHUẨN [.dxf](ƯDPM: Modaris of Lectra)1. Tạo File dữ liệu có định dạng [ .dxf]Bước 1. Tạo thư mục lưu trữ- Tạo thư mục lưu trữ file [.dxf]Bước 2. Mở mã hàng gốcchuẩn [.mdl]- Từ một mã hàng đã mở cần[convert] sang file [.dxf]  Chọnđường dẫn lưu trữ mã hàng theothư mục (Bước 1) đã tạo.Bước 3. Thao tác lệnh xuất mẫu địnhdạng chuẩn [.dxf]- Từ mã hàng đã mở  Chọn [File] [Export]  Mở ra hộp thoại bấm TC“.AAMA”  PC  [New Alias…]- Trong hộp thoại được mở chọn  Ô[Alias name]: Điền tên mã hàng – Ô[Access path]: Bấm TC vào Chọnđường dẫn tới thư mục Bước 1 đểlưu trữ mẫu [.dxf]  OK TC [+ Tên mã hàng] TC chọn chitiết  OKBước 4. Kiểm tra kết quả đã thựchiệnKiểm tra trong thư mục bước 1 đã có mẫu chưa------------------- The end -------------------2. Mở File [.dxf]
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COMPREHENSIVE ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2008_part10 potx

COMPREHENSIVE ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30 2008 PART10 POTX

** Visitor's Guide Printed and Distributed * * * * * 45,000 30,000 2,661 2,409 *Human ServicesHealth *** Number of patient visits 70,774 69,352 71,463 65,901 64,625 62,966 63,211 81,924 84,690 86,977Onsite Wastewater Permits issued * * * 724 543 609 720 817 898 612Well permits issued * * * 647 517 218 248 290 269 318Food and Lodging Inspections performed * * * 3,020 3,117 3,240 3,374 4,185 3,383 2,976Cultural and RecreationArt and History MuseumScheduled Programs / Tours * * * * * * 66 70 75 100Scheduled Class Visits 216 182 153 * * 198 172 179 153 168Exhibits 7 4 3335 43 4 5LibraryLibrary Visits (Door Count) * 572,024 586,770 616,961 578,847 554,024 622,090 600,147 571,905 650,167Circulation - Books * 700,147 746,104 762,711 736,940 737,304 727,802 706,031 717,088 745,377Circulation - Audiovisuals * 201,413 240,026 264,740 254,607 249,243 295,071 263,997 262,526 289,090Library Programs * 1,333 1,139 1,064 1,009 1,066 1,032 990 1,001 1,162Program Attendance * 49,065 40,813 38,764 30,889 39,310 35,249 34,773 38,501 40,022Parks and recreationPrograms and special events (FY 07 & 08 / calendar year) * * * * * 766 766 769 757 *Program Attendance (FY 07 & 08 / calendar year) * * * * * 48,944 48,944 49,051 51,742 *Park Attendance (FY 07 & 08 / calendar year) * * * * * 497,952 656,282 567,059 500,123 *Solid Waste / LandfillWaste tonage disposed * 169,514 102,992 112,308 120,025 109,815 121,332 144,686 161,485 205,785Recycling tonage * 6,159 4,500 4,608 6,651 5,945 5,293 5,421 7,938 4,609Sources: County budget department and individual county departments.Note: Indicators are not available for the Environmental Protection.* Information is not available.** Measured for Calendar Year.*** The number of WIC patient visits is not included in FY 1999 - FY 2005. Those totals were maintained
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NLST: United States Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standard''''s and Measuring Devices potx

NLST: UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARD''''S AND MEASURING DEVICES POTX

measuring devices commercially used or employed in establishing the size, quantity, extent, area, or measurement of quantities, things, produce, or articles for distribution or consumption, purchased, offered, or submitted for sale, hire, or award, or in computing any basic charge or payment for services rendered on the basis of weight or measure. (b) To any accessory attached to or used in connection with a commercial weighing or measuring device when such accessory is so designed that its operation affects the accuracy of the device. (c) To weighing and measuring equipment in official use for the enforcement of law or for the collection of statistical information by government agencies. (These requirements should be used as a guide by the weights and measures official when, upon request, courtesy examinations of noncommercial equipment are made.) G-A.2. Code Application. - This General Code shall apply to all classes of devices as covered in the specific codes. The specific code requirements supersede General Code requirements in all cases of conflict. (Amended 1972) G-A.3. Special and Unclassified Equipment. - Insofar as they are clearly appropriate, the requirements and provisions of the General Code and of specific codes apply to equipment failing, by reason of special design or otherwise, to fall clearly within one of the particular equipment classes for which separate codes have been established. With respect to such equipment, code requirements and provisions shall be applied with due regard to the design, intended purpose, and conditions of use of the equipment. G-A.4. Metric Equipment. - Employment of the weights and measures of the metric system is lawful throughout the United States. These specifications, tolerances, and other requirements shall not be understood or construed as in any way prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or use of equipment designed to give results in terms of metric units. The specific provisions of these requirements and the principles upon which the requirements are based shall be applied to metric equipment insofar as appropriate and practicable. The tolerances on metric equipment, when not specified herein, shall be equivalent to those specified for similar equipment constructed or graduated in the inch-pound system.
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United States Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and and Measuring Devices potx

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND AND MEASURING DEVICES POTX

measuring devices commercially used or employed in establishing the size, quantity, extent, area, or measurement of quantities, things, produce, or articles for distribution or consumption, purchased, offered, or submitted for sale, hire, or award, or in computing any basic charge or payment for services rendered on the basis of weight or measure. (b) To any accessory attached to or used in connection with a commercial weighing or measuring device when such accessory is so designed that its operation affects the accuracy of the device. (c) To weighing and measuring equipment in official use for the enforcement of law or for the collection of statistical information by government agencies. (These requirements should be used as a guide by the weights and measures official when, upon request, courtesy examinations of noncommercial equipment are made.) G-A.2. Code Application. - This General Code shall apply to all classes of devices as covered in the specific codes. The specific code requirements supersede General Code requirements in all cases of conflict. (Amended 1972) G-A.3. Special and Unclassified Equipment. - Insofar as they are clearly appropriate, the requirements and provisions of the General Code and of specific codes apply to equipment failing, by reason of special design or otherwise, to fall clearly within one of the particular equipment classes for which separate codes have been established. With respect to such equipment, code requirements and provisions shall be applied with due regard to the design, intended purpose, and conditions of use of the equipment. G-A.4. Metric Equipment. - Employment of the weights and measures of the metric system is lawful throughout the United States. These specifications, tolerances, and other requirements shall not be understood or construed as in any way prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or use of equipment designed to give results in terms of metric units. The specific provisions of these requirements and the principles upon which the requirements are based shall be applied to metric equipment insofar as appropriate and practicable. The tolerances on metric equipment, when not specified herein, shall be equivalent to those specified for similar equipment constructed or graduated in the inch-pound system.
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RESTAURANT PROCEDURE

RESTAURANT PORCEDURE

University of Industry HCM cityDepartment of Trade and TourismSectors of Hospitality ManagementTopic:RESTAURANT PORCEDURETeacher: Nguyễn Thị Kim Nguyên.Team: 2B4G ♥The lass Code: 111003305MAIN POSITIONS IN A RESTAURATThey include:1. Waiter.2. Chef.3. Hostess.4. Restaurant manager.5. Bartender.Do you know about their duties?1.Waiter…2. Chef…3. Hostess… 4. Restaurant Manager5. Bartenders…GREETING AND SERVING PROCEDUREGreeting GuestShow guest to table and sitting

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INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

benefits for customers. With Mobi365, customers can have chances of calling with economical charges. They only pay 200 VND for the the ten seconds. MobiZone is the newest package designed for customers who want to call mainly within a zone.The company has received a lot of awards since 2005:Awards in 2005- “The best mobile telephony operator in 2005” voted by E-Chip Mobile Magazine- “Strong Brand 2005” voted by Vietnam Economic Newspaper.Awards in 2006- “The most favourite operator 2006” and “The best customer care operator 2006” voted by E-Chip Mobile Magazine under the Vietnam Mobile Awards chain4Website: http://www.docs.vn Email : lienhe@docs.vn Tel : 0918.775.368- “The famous brand 2006” voted by Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry- “Ranked 1st among TOP 10 strong and potential brand of Vietnamese economy” voted by Le Courierr du Vietnam newspaper on the occasion of APEC Summit 2006 Awards in 2007- “The most favorite mobile telephony operator 2007” voted by E-Chip Mobile Magazine - Vietnam Mobile Awards- Ranked TOP 20 among 200 biggest businesses in Vietnam by UNDP- TOP 10 “Strong Brand” in 2006 - 2007 voted by Vietnam Economic NewspaperAwards in 2008- “The excellent ICT business in 2008” voted by PC World’s readers- “The best quality service provider in 2008” voted by Saigon Tiep Thi Newspaper- “The most favorite mobile operator in 2008”; “The best customer care
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ĐỀ ÁN NGHIÊN CỨ THUẾ XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU

ĐỀ ÁN NGHIÊN CỨ THUẾ XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU

• If the taxpayers miss the deadline of tax payment or do notexporting products shall be handled as follows: For raw materials and supplies imported into productionusing the product, but the product is not exported shallrecalculate the tax payment deadline is 30 days from thedate of registration of customs declaration and tax paymentdelay penalty from the 31st to the date of payment and atthe same time be sanctioned for administrative violations inaccordance with the regulations. For raw materials and supplies imported used inmanufacturing products and have exported beyond thedeadline for tax payment, the tax shall be calculated fromthe date the tax payment deadline until the date of export orthe day taxpayers (if the taxpayer before the date of export)• For cases where the taxpayer shall apply the tax paymentdeadline of 275 days or more than 275 days but not exportproducts or export outside the tax payment deadline, the taxpayermust pay the tax (in case of export products outside the time limitfor tax payment shall be paid upon the expiry of tax applicabletax payment and refunded the amount of tax paid when theproduct actually exported) and sanctioned as mentioned above.• For goods traded by mode of temporary import for re-export ortemporarily exported for re-entry, then the tax payment deadlineis 15 (fifteen) days from the date of expiration of temporaryimport for re-export, or temporary export and re-import (apply tocases which may be extended).Hoa Sen University24
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Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 3 P42 potx

GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW 3RD EDITION VOLUME 3 P42 POTX

ditions for the remaining detainees would meetthe humanitarian requirements of the GenevaConventions. The Executive Order noted thatsome of the 240 remaining detainees had beenheld from four to six years without prosecutionor formal charges.Another thorny issue for the departmentwas the scandal surrounding abuse and mis-treatment of Iraqi prisoners by DOD personnelat Baghdad’s now infamous Abu Ghraib facility.The prison scandal stemmed from incident sthat took place in 2004, when photographs ofthe prisoner abuse were leaked to the media.In April 2006, U.S. Army Lieutenant ColonelSteven L. Jordan became the first and onlymilitary officer to be criminally charged inrelation to thes e incidents, but at least 11 U.S .enlisted soldiers were convicted and severalofficers were reprimanded or demoted.But that was not the end of DOD’s troubleswith detainees. The release to the public of thedetainee photographs became the subject of aFreedom of Informat ion Act (FOIA) request bytheAMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION (ACLU),denial of which resulted in a lawsuit on appealto the U.S. Supreme Court for its 2009-2010term. Department of Defense v. ACLU, No. 09-160. (The other remaining scandal, involving therelease of internal “torture memos,” implicated
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Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 10 P10 pot

GALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW 3RD EDITION VOLUME 10 P10 POT

protectionist policies of an importing country.Through direct foreign investment, a corporationcan bypass high tariffs that prevent its goods frombeing competitively priced. For example, whenthe European Common Market (the predecessorof the European Union) placed tariffs on goodsproduced by outsiders, U.S. corporationsresponded by setting up European subsidiaries.Two other motives are more controversial.One is preventing competition. The mostcertain method of preventing actual or potentialcompetition from foreign businesses is toacquire those businesses. Another motive forestablishing subsidiaries in other nations is toreduce costs, mainly through the use of cheapforeign labor in developing countries. A trans-national corporation can hold down costs byGALE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LAW, 3RD E DITIONTRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION 83shifting some or all of its production facilitiesabroad.Transnational corporations with headquar-ters in the United States have played anincreasingly dominant role in the world econ-omy. This dominance is most pronounced inthe developing countries that rely primarily on anarrow range of exports, usually primary goods.A transnational corporation has the ability todisrupt traditional economies, impose monop-olistic practices, and assert a political and
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