THE CONCEPT OF LOCATION AREAS 51

Tìm thấy 10,000 tài liệu liên quan tới từ khóa "THE CONCEPT OF LOCATION AREAS 51":

Emerging Communications for Wireless Sensor Networks Part 14 ppt

EMERGING COMMUNICATIONS FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS PART 14 PPT

Po-Hsuan Tseng, Wen-Jiunn Liu and Kai-Ten Feng Department of Communication Engineering, National Chiao Tung University Taiwan, R.O.C. 1.Introduction A wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of sensor nodes (SNs) with wireless communication capabilities for specific sensing tasks. Among different applications, wireless location technologies which are designated to estimate the position of SNs (Geziciet al., 2005) (Haraet al., 2005) (Patwari et al., 2005)have drawn a lot of attention over the past few decades. There are increasing demands for commercial applications to adopt location tracking information within their system design, such as navigation systems, location-based billing, health care systems, and intelligent transportation systems. With emergent interests in location-based services (Perusco & Michael, 2007), location estimation and tracking algorithms with enhanced precision become necessitate for the applications under different circumstances. The location estimation schemes have been widely proposed and employed in the wireless communication system. These schemes locate the position of a mobile sensor (MS) based on the measured radio signals from its neighborhood anchor nodes (ANs). The representative algorithms for the measured distance techniques are the Time-Of-Arrival (TOA),the Time Difference-Of-Arrival (TDOA), and the Angle-Of-Arrival (AOA). The TOA scheme measures the arrival time of the radio signals coming from different wireless BSs; while the TDOA scheme measures the time difference between the radio signals. The AOA technique is conducted within the BS by observing the arriving angle of the signals coming from the MS. It is recognized that the equations associated with the location estimation schemes are inherently nonlinear. The uncertainties induced by the measurement noises make it more difficult to acquire the estimated MS position with tolerable precision. The Taylor Series Expansion (TSE) method was utilized in(Foy, 1976) to acquire the location estimation of the MS from the TOA measurements. The method requires iterative processes to obtain the location estimate from a linearized system. The major drawback of the TSE scheme is
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ECOMIPSI.

ECOMIPSI.

channels.            demonstrate design of website Produce a website 964.2 a i; 975.01 b1 b5      Prepare an example of a budget Produce a budget in thebusiness plan           Prepare an example of an electronic portfolio Gather websites theyhave designed and put ina portfolio964.03 a; 975.02 b1 i      Present Tense/Action VerbAdjective Object(limit to one object)Method of Evaluation/AssessmentIdaho State Achievement StandardNationalStandarddevelop and identify examples of a marketing plan Design a marketing planwithin a business plan964.2 a i      distinguish between different website types Explain differentwebsite types.           employ the concept of teamwork skills Demonstrate effectiveteamwork skills964.03 a      evaluate a Web site effectiveness Use software to evaluate
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High Level Synthesis: from Algorithm to Digital Circuit- P18 potx

HIGH LEVEL SYNTHESIS: FROM ALGORITHM TO DIGITAL CIRCUIT- P18 POTX

• Ageing data (which serves to express the recursivity of the algorithm to besynthesized, via their assignment after having been utilized).The optimal storage of a given data element depends upon its declaration and itslife time. It can be either stored in a memory bank of the MEMU or in a storageelement of the processing unit PU. The remaining difficulty lies in selecting anoptimal locality threshold which results in minimizing the cost of the storage unit.The synthesis tool leaves the choice of the value of the locality threshold up to theuser. In order to help the designer, GAUT proposes a histogram of the life time ofthe variables, normalized by the utilization frequency, which is calculated from thescheduled DFG.The architecture of the processing unit is composed of a processing part anda memory part (i.e. memory plan) and the associated control state machine FSM(Fig. 9.1). The memory part of the datapath is based on a set of strong seman-tic memories (FIFO, LIFO) and/or registers. Spatial adaptation is performed byan interconnection logic dealing with data dispatching from operators to storageelements, and from storage elements to operators. Timing adaptation (data-rates,different input/output data scheduling) is realized by the storage elements. Once thelocation of data has been decided, the synthesis of the storage elements located in9 GAUT: A High-Level Synthesis Tool for DSP Applications 159Fig. 9.10 Four-step flowRCG ConstructionBindingOptimizationGenerationFig. 9.11 Resource compatibilitygraphadeL
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Doi Son cultural space, Duy Tien district, Ha Nam province

DOI SON CULTURAL SPACE, DUY TIEN DISTRICT, HA NAM PROVINCE

making drums, making trumpet lip lines, etc. *Having many talented people: Nguyen Duc Nang was person who created the drum making. He was called Trang Sam by King Le Dai Hanh. Doi Tam village has one worker at national level; two provincial artisans, four good workers and many hundred of craftsmen. Number of students who pass the university very high every year. *Center of culture Doi Tam drum was born with the event of King Le Dai Hanh went to Doi Son commune to plough field. In 1010, King Ly Thai To moved the capital from Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh 12 province) to Thang Long (Ha Noi city now). Sound of Doi Tam drums were welcomed the king and his entourage. Now, Doi Tam drum also went to Ha Noi capital to take part in celebration of thousands of years. Huge drum of Doi Tam village is located in the gate of Temple of Literature. It is become a part of Vietnamese culture. Doi Son plough festival also was started from Doi Tam village festival before, on 7 January lunar. The land was plough by King Le Dai Hanh previously which located in Doi Tam village. The plough festival was associated with Doi Tam village’s communal house. Doi Son plough festival has drum’s test of Doi Tam village. With economic and culture conditions, Doi Tam village has become the center of Doi Son cultural space. From Doi Tam village, the culture has arisen and spread. It had the exchange and the impact to other cultural areas. 1.2.5 The combination of material and spiritual culture
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Tài iệu Photoshop cs5 by Dayley part 71 pot

TÀI IỆU PHOTOSHOP CS5 BY DAYLEY PART 71 POT

mier painting applications as well. In fact, painting in Photoshop means much more than in most other painting applications.What makes painting so effective in Photoshop is that Adobe combined the powerful photo-editing tools with the paint brush tools so you can use paint brush strokes to apply localized photo editing and you can apply photo edit-ing techniques to your painting.This chapter discusses the Brush tools available in Photoshop for both edit-ing and painting purposes. It also covers how to configure custom brushes to increase the capability of those tools. Before you begin painting in Photoshop, you likely want to switch to the Painting workspace by selecting Window ➪ Workspaces ➪ Painting from the main menu. This configures the workspace specifically to support the painting tools.Painting in PhotoshopPainting in Photoshop means much more than just painting colors onto a blank document with a brush. Painting means using brushing techniques to apply effects to fix problem areas of photographs, retrace history, blend layers, apply color, and mix colors.In this chapter, we discuss the tools and techniques that you can use to apply some specific changes to images, create artwork, and create dramatic artistic effects. Before we start, though, you should know a few things about painting:24_584743-ch16.indd 50124_584743-ch16.indd 501 5/3/10 10:37 AM5/3/10 10:37 AMPart V: Painting, Paths, Shapes, and Text502l Brushing techniques are applied by selecting the tool, setting the brush and tool options, and then dragging the cursor on a specific area of the document using a mouse or stylus pen.l Painting is applied to the currently selected layer in the Layers panel, although some of the tools sample from all the layers to apply the painting effect.
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Municipal Architecture

MUNICIPAL ARCHITECTURE

34 51 2Durham Consolidated CourthouseCompletion date: 2010 Location: Oshawa, Ontario, Canada Designer: WZMH Architects Photographer: Shai Gil Total building area: 41,957 sqm With its richly patterned cladding of spandrel, clear glass and carefully scaled massing, the Durham Consolidated Courthouse, completed in January 2010, makes a significant contribution to the emerging urban framework of downtown Oshawa. Its bold, modern vocabulary emphasizes transparency and openness both for users and passersby. A large outdoor public space, Courthouse Square, is the forecourt to the building entrance. The scale of the main entrance pavilion on the square establishes a sense of dignity, appropriate for the front door of a courthouse.Providing badly needed space for the Province’s judicial system, this six-storey, 40,000 metres² structure houses 33 courtrooms, associated support space and prisoner-holding facilities. For planning efficiency, high-volume functions are located at or close to grade. The public circulation system is highly legible for first time users. Exhibiting a new typology for a typical courtroom floor, the design has a “back to back” arrangement of courtrooms that results in short walking distances for judges and staff. For participants in court proceedings, the availability of natural light and outdoor views in the courtroom waiting areas will provide some stress relief. The courthouse represents a physical embodiment of our justice system interpreted in a modernist language. Solid building elements serve to express the stability and permanence of the courts. Welcoming to the public, the courthouse elevations are highly transparent, using clear glass with a rich mosaic of white ceramic frit glass panels. The scale of the main entrance pavilion creates a formality and sense of dignity, appropriate for the front door
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Research Techniques in Animal Ecology - Chapter 11 pps

RESEARCH TECHNIQUES IN ANIMAL ECOLOGY CHAPTER 11 PPS

1This concept is particularly useful forconservation action and has therefore been included in the new iucnRed Listcriteria (iucn1995). In this chapter we outline the basis of identifying distri-butions that represent a step toward the definition of a real area of occupancy.For example, imagine a biologist who needs to find zebras. Intuitively, theodds of finding zebras in Scandinavia are very low, but moving to Kenyagreatly increases the odds. This process is based on very basic assumptions suchas that zebras live in warm places, say, with an average annual temperature of13–28°C. Obviously our observer won’t expect to find zebras in every place onEarth that has an average annual temperature of 13–28°C; there are manyother ecological requirements, along with other reasons, such as historical con-straints (see Morrison et al. 1992 for a review) and species behavioral patterns(Walters 1992), that contribute to define the distribution of the zebra. Never-theless, if our biologist extends the same process, taking into account the pre-ferred ranges of values of various environmental variables, the probability offinding the species in the areas in which these preferences are simultaneouslysatisfied increases.If the aim of our researcher is to map the areas in which the species is mostlikely to be found rather than to find an individual, the entire process can beseen as a way of describing the species’ presence in terms of correlated envi-ronmental variables. And if inexpensive and broadly acquired environmentaldata (e.g., vegetation index maps derived from satellite data) are used to definespecies probability of presence, then maps of species distribution can be pro-duced quickly and efficiently.To provide a formal approach to species distribution modeling, the processcan be divided into two phases. The first phase assesses the species’ preferredranges of values for the environmental variables taken into account, and thesecond identifies all locations in which these preferred ranges of values are ful-filled. The first phase is generally called habitat suitability index (hsi) analysis,
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Báo cáo hóa học: " Research Article The Iterative Method of Generalized u0 -Concave Operators" docx

BÁO CÁO HÓA HỌC: " RESEARCH ARTICLE THE ITERATIVE METHOD OF GENERALIZED U0 -CONCAVE OPERATORS" DOCX

Then A is called an u0-concave operator.In many papers, the authors studied u0-concave operators and obtained some resultssee 3–5, 8–15. In this paper, we generalize the concept of u0-concave operators, give aconcept of the generalized u0-concave operators, and study the existence and uniqueness offixed points for this class of operators by the iterative method. Our results generalize theresults in 3, 4, 7, 15.2. Main ResultIn this paper, we always let P be a cone in real Banach space E and the partial ordering ≤defined by P .Givenw0∈ E,letPw0{x ∈ E | x ≥ w0}.Definition 2.1. Let operator A : P w0 → Pw0 and u0>θ. Suppose that
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LOCATION OF THE PROXIMATES AND VARIATIONS IN THE ASHES OF PLANTS pps

LOCATION OF THE PROXIMATES AND VARIATIONS IN THE ASHES OF PLANTS PPS

LOCATION OF THE PROXIMATES AND VARIATIONS IN THE ASHES OF PLANTS Of what proximate are plants chiefly composed? What is the principal constituent of the potato root? Of the carrot and turnip? What part of the plant contains usually the most nutriment? Let us now examine plants with a view to learning the location of the various plants. The stem or trunk of the plant or tree consists almost entirely of woody fibre; this also forms a large portion of the other parts except the seeds, and, in some instances, the roots. The roots of the potato contain large quantities of starch. Other roots such as the carrot and turnip contain pectic acid,[J] a nutritious substance resembling starch. It is in the seed however that the more nutritive portions of most plants exist, and here they maintain[Pg 53] certain relative positions which it is well to understand, and which can be best explained by reference to the following figures, as described by Prof. Johnston:— Fig. 1. "Thus a shows the position of the oil in the outer part of the seed—it exists in minute drops, inclosed in six-sided cells, which consists chiefly of gluten; b, the position and comparative quantity of the starch, which in the heart of the seed is mixed with only a small proportion of gluten; c, the germ or chit which contains much gluten."[K] Is the composition of the inorganic matter of different parts of the plant the same, or different? What is the difference between the ash of the straw and that of the grain of wheat? The location of the inorganic part of plants is one of much interest, and shows the adaptation of each part to its particular use. Take a wheat plant, for instance—the stalk, the leaf, and the grain, show in their ashes, important difference of composition.
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The Complete Idiot''''s Guide to Private Investigating 2nd Edition_8 ppt

THE COMPLETE IDIOT''''S GUIDE TO PRIVATE INVESTIGATING 2ND EDITION_8 PPT

The information in your report can be used to impeach your rep-utation and the validity of the information, within both the cor-porate structure and the court system. • Your report becomes a permanent part of “your record.” Goodreports are easily forgotten, but bad reports will remain a part of“your record” for many years.• A professional-quality report will demonstrate your abilities, notonly to the original recipient but also to everyone who has anopportunity to see it. This is a prime marketing strategy and maylead to future referrals.• It is critical to remember that anything you write will be subjectto critical review and may end up in front of a jury or arbitrator. REPORT CONTENTThe specific content of any report, of course, is determined by thetype of investigative or consulting matter and the ultimate purpose ofthe report. Regardless of the type of matter being reported and thepurpose of the report, all reports should have common features.The report should contain comprehensive and complete statementsof all opinions or conclusions to be expressed. The opinions and con-Producing a Professional Report 151clusions must be written in terms easily understood by the layperson.Reports are not written to impress the experts; they are written toinform the client. The excessive use of obscure or unexplained tech-nical terms does not inform the reader. Each report must be written ona level comprehensible to the reader. A report prepared for an attor-ney may contain legal terms not familiar to the business executive; thistype of report would be clear and concise for one person and confus-ing for another person with a different background.Just stating opinions and conclusions is not adequate. The mostvaluable information is that which is used to substantiate the opinions
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ASSESSMENT OF MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT STATUS IN THAI NGUYEN HOSPITAL OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINE

ASSESSMENT OF MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT STATUS IN THAI NGUYEN HOSPITAL OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINE

According to the WHO, 18-64% has no health facility waste disposal measuresproperly. At the health facility 12.5% of workers waste needle stick hurt occurs in theprocessing of medical waste. This lesion is also the occupational exposure to blood isthe most common, mainly using metal hands and collecting assembly sharps disposal,around 50% of hospitals surveyed transporting medicine waste pregnant patients gothrough areas that were not put in the car tank with a lid.Worldwide, hospital waste management is many countries interested in andconducts a thorough so long. On management, a series of policy provisions, wereissued to strictly control this waste. International treaties, principles, laws and14regulations on hazardous waste, including hospital waste has also been recognized andimplemented in most countries around the world.The Basel Convention: Originally signed by over 100 countries, the regulationson the transport of hazardous substances across the border, simultaneously applied,both with medical waste. This Convention lays down the principle only lawfultransportation of hazardous waste from countries without conditions and appropriatetechnology to countries with technical and material conditions for the safe handlingsome special wastes special.Polluter pay’s principles: Clearly state everyone, all the organs that dischargewaste must be removed responsibility for law and finance in ensuring safe and keepingclean environment.Proximity’s principles: Provides that the disposal of hazardous wastes should becarried out immediately in which they arise as soon as possible. Avoid waste beingstored for long periods of environmental pollutants.Waste hospitals, depending on economic conditions and the science andtechnology, many countries around the world have different ways to handle this typeof hazardous waste.
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John wiley sons data mining techniques for marketing sales_19 potx

JOHN WILEY SONS DATA MINING TECHNIQUES FOR MARKETING SALES 19 POTX

paigns. A controlled experiment showing a statistically significant improve-ment in response to a direct mail, telemarketing, or email campaign is easily translated into dollars. The best way to prove the value of data mining is with 470643 c18.qxd 3/8/04 11:31 AM Page 601Putting Data Mining to Work 601 project succeeded in identifying several customer segments with high churn returns actionable results. that the model identified as high risk were tracked and did in fact leave in than manage customer relationships. In a narrow sense, the project was indeed successful. It proved the concept that data mining could identify customers at high risk for churn.In a broader sense, the organization was not ready for data mining, so it could not successfully act on the results. that saved them money (“right-planning” them) might very well decrease churn A SUCCESSFUL PROOF OF CONCEPT? A data mining proof of concept project can be technically successful, yet disappointing overall. In one example, a cellular telephone company launched a data mining project to gain a better understanding of customer churn. The risk. With the groups identified, the company could offer these customers incentives to stay. So far, the project seems like a good proof-of-concept that The data mining models found one group of high-risk customers, consisting of subscribers whose calling behavior did not match their rate plans. One subgroup of these customers were on rate plans with low monthly fees, and correspondingly few included minutes. Such plans make sense for people who use their phones infrequently, such as the “safety user” who leaves a telephone in the car’s glove compartment, rarely turning it on but more secure in the knowledge that the phone is available for emergencies. When such users change their telephone habits (as sometimes happens once they realize the usefulness of a mobile phone), they end up using more minutes than are included in their plan, paying high per minute charges for the overage. The company declared the data mining project a success because the groups
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SYSTEM HEALTH SELFTUITION

SYSTEM HEALTH SELFTUITION

SYSTEM HEALTH (SELF-TUITION ASSIGNMENT)TeacherDr. Yen Le, Department of Environmental Science, FNWI, RUBackgroundA healthy ecosystem is active and dynamic (vigour), has sufficient counteractivecapacity (resilience) and maintains its organisation over time (metastability) whileallowing social and economic needs to be met by society (Vugteveen et al., 2006).This sounds rather abstract, but ‘vigour’, ‘resilience’ and ‘organisation’ can bereduced to measurable variables (indicators), which for the most part find origin insystem ecology. Also anthropogenic stress that arises from societal activities in thesystem can be quantified.Objectives Students can adequately discuss the development and meaning of theconcept ‘Ecosystem Health’; Students are able to indicate how the concept can be elaborated inmeasurable variables and are aware of the knowledge gaps that are presentin the development of applications of the concept.InstructionThoroughly read the article by Vugteveen et al. (2006). Next, define the terms belowand then answer the posed questions. For this assignment 3 hours have beenscheduled. Spend at least 1 hour on the definition of terms and the elaboration of thequestions.TermsDefine the following terms:• Organisation• Resilience• Vigour• Condition indicator• Stressor indicatorQuestions1.
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Fully Unsupervised Discovery of Concept-Specific Relationships by Web Mining" pdf

BÁO CÁO KHOA HỌC: "FULLY UNSUPERVISED DISCOVERY OF CONCEPT-SPECIFIC RELATIONSHIPS BY WEB MINING" PDF

(Salmonid, Trout)Table 2: Results on seed { barracud, bluefish }.The first stage of the algorithm returned 81 constel-lation names (77 distinct constellations) as well as38 other names (consisting mostly of names of indi-vidual stars). Using the list of 87 single word con-stellation names as our gold standard, this gives pre-cision of 0.68 and recall of 0.93.The second part of the algorithm generated a setof ten binary relations. Of these, one concernedtravel and entertainment (constellations are quitepopular as names of hotels and lounges) and anotherthree were not interesting. Apparently, the require-ment that half the constellations appear in a relationlimited the number of viable relations since manyconstellations are quite obscure. The six interestingrelations are shown in Table 3 along with precisionand coverage.7 DiscussionIn this paper we have addressed a novel type of prob-lem: given a specific concept, discover in fully un-supervised fashion, a range of relations in which itparticipates. This can be extremely useful for study-ing and researching a particular concept or field ofstudy.As others have shown as well, two concept wordscan be sufficient to generate almost the entire classto which the words belong when the class is well-defined. With the method presented in this paper,using no further user-provided information, we can,
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MultiBooks - Tổng hợp IT - PC part 157 pdf

MULTIBOOKS TỔNG HỢP IT PC PART 157 PDF

setting a memory locations to an initial value. Also include the management or insertion of characters into data items Examples of such instructions include branch instructions, jump instruction & stop instruction. Question 2. Types of addressing? 1. Direct addressing The operands of each machine instructions is used to retrieve the data 2. Indirect addressing The operands is used to specify the memory address which contains the address of the data to be processed Op – code OP – CODE OPERAND OP – CODE OPERAND 12345 Data item 12345
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conditional random fields for object recognition

CONDITIONAL RANDOM FIELDS FOR OBJECT RECOGNITION

is able to cope with this lack of discriminating appearance information illustrates its flexibledata-driven nature. This can be a desirable model property of a general object recognitionsystem, because for some object classes appearance is the important discriminant (i.e., intextured classes) while for others shape may be important (i.e., in geometrically constrainedclasses).One noticeable difference between our model and similar part-based models is that ourmodel learns large parts composed of small local features. This is not surprising given howthe part dependencies were built (i.e., through their position in minimum spanning tree):the potential functions defined on pairs of hidden variables tend to smooth the allocation ofparts to patches.38451345678Figure 5: Graph showing part counts for the background (left) and car side images (right)4 Conclusions and Further WorkIn this work we have presented a novel approach that extends the CRF framework by in-corporating hidden variables and combining class conditional CRFs into an unified frame-work for object recognition. Similarly to CRFs and other maximum entropy models ourapproach allows us to combine arbitrary observation features for training discriminativeclassifiers with hidden variables. Furthermore, by making some assumptions about thejoint distribution of hidden variables one can derive efficient training algorithms based ondynamic programming.
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REVISION -KEY lop 11

REVISION KEY LOP 11

34. at least 600,000 visitors / come to visit / the Park / every yeara. There are at least 600,000 visitors come to visit the Park every year.b. At least 600,000 visitors who come to visit the Park every year.c. At least 600,000 visitors come to visit the Park every year.d. There were at least 600,000 visitors come to visit the Park every year.35. the environmentalists / have tried / prevent / tourism / destroy the wildnessa. The environmentalists have tried to prevent tourism from destroying the wildness.6b. The environmentalists have tried in order that to prevent tourism from destroying the wildness.c. The environmentalists have tried preventing tourism from destroying the wildness.d. Thanks to the environmentalists have tried to prevent tourism from destroying the wildness.A. Read the text below and decide which answer- a, b, c or d - best fits each space. In the 1972 the Australian government (36) ______ a quota system which allowed a (n) (37) ______ number of kangaroos to be killed or 'culled' every year. Legislation was introduced because farmers claimed that the kangaroos were (38) ______ their crops. The problem is that (39) ______ two and a half million kangaroos can be killed legally each year, a futher two and a half million are killed illegally. The animals are killed for a variety of (40) ______. The main one, however, is that kangaroo meat is sold for human (41) ______ usually in the (42) ______ of steaks - or is used as pet food. There are also thousands of dollars to be made (43) ______ the sale of their skins.The environmental group Greenpeace and Australia's Animal Liberation (AAL) are now campaigning for a ban (44) ______ the sale of all kangaroo products. They (45) ______ that this will stop unscrupulous farmers killing the animal for (46) ______. A spokesperson for AAL said, ‘People aren't concerned because there are still (47) ______ six million kangaroos in Australia so they are (48) ______ an endangered species. People just don't care about (49) ______ like this unless there is a real threat. But we know certain types have already become extinct in some areas. We must act now (50) ______ it is too late.36. a. introduced b. produced c. turned out d. offered37. a. approximate b. certain c. estimated d. unknown38. a. enriching b. injuring c. ruining d. spoiling39. a. while b. because c. when d. unless40. a. results b. pretexts c. excuses d. reasons
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A Guide to Business Organization Flexible_7 pdf

A GUIDE TO BUSINESS ORGANIZATION FLEXIBLE_7 PDF

The information in your report can be used to impeach your rep-utation and the validity of the information, within both the cor-porate structure and the court system. • Your report becomes a permanent part of “your record.” Goodreports are easily forgotten, but bad reports will remain a part of“your record” for many years.• A professional-quality report will demonstrate your abilities, notonly to the original recipient but also to everyone who has anopportunity to see it. This is a prime marketing strategy and maylead to future referrals.• It is critical to remember that anything you write will be subjectto critical review and may end up in front of a jury or arbitrator. REPORT CONTENTThe specific content of any report, of course, is determined by thetype of investigative or consulting matter and the ultimate purpose ofthe report. Regardless of the type of matter being reported and thepurpose of the report, all reports should have common features.The report should contain comprehensive and complete statementsof all opinions or conclusions to be expressed. The opinions and con-Producing a Professional Report 151clusions must be written in terms easily understood by the layperson.Reports are not written to impress the experts; they are written toinform the client. The excessive use of obscure or unexplained tech-nical terms does not inform the reader. Each report must be written ona level comprehensible to the reader. A report prepared for an attor-ney may contain legal terms not familiar to the business executive; thistype of report would be clear and concise for one person and confus-ing for another person with a different background.Just stating opinions and conclusions is not adequate. The mostvaluable information is that which is used to substantiate the opinions
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Tài liệu Oracle CRM On Demand Dashboards- P8 ppt

TÀI LIỆU ORACLE CRM ON DEMAND DASHBOARDS- P8 PPT

ability to rearrange the data and show multiple views of the same data is a great asset to your reporting design, but that is only the beginning. With some basic formatting and even a little creative formatting, the Pivot Table view can take on appearances well beyond the basics.Most of the formatting of pivot tables takes place within the pivot table areas and on the columns themselves. There is a single property affecting the entire pivot table that you are able to modify. In the title bar on the Edit View screen for your pivot table you will find the Pivot Table View Properties button. Clicking this button opens the Edit View window. The only property you can edit here is the “green bar” styling. Clicking the relevant check box enables this styling and causes every other row in the pivot table to take on a light green background. The Alternate field lets you choose to shade every other row beginning with the innermost column, or to alternate the rows across the entire table. The innermost column is the last column in the Rows area of your pivot table. The rows in the Measures area are given the alternating style when you set the alternate method to either Innermost Column or All Columns.You do not have to accept the default format of the “green bar” styling. You can make the alternating rows any color you please by clicking the Set Alternate Format button. This button opens the standard Edit Format window, allowing you to set the format for the font, cell, and border of every other row.In the Rows area, to the right of “Rows” in the upper left, you see a Σ (sigma) button. The letter sigma is a mathematical symbol for “sum.” Click this button to open the Total menu. Initially, the None option is selected, indicating that no totals are included in the pivot table for the rows. To add totals, select either the Before or After option. The Before option creates a Grand Total row at the top of your pivot table, and the After option gives you a Grand Total row at the bottom of your pivot table. The total of the metric columns appears and aggregates the data across all rows based on the aggregation rule for the metric column. You can display this Grand Total row before or after the measure values, not both.
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Why Some Cities Are Growing and Others Shrinking pdf

WHY SOME CITIES ARE GROWING AND OTHERS SHRINKING PDF

285Why Some Cities Are Growing andOthers ShrinkingDean StanselOver the last three decades, large cities like Pittsburgh, Detroit,Cleveland, Buffalo, and Toledo have seen their populations shrink,while areas like Houston, Atlanta, Dallas, Tampa, and Phoenix haveseen their populations grow rapidly. Examining the policy differ-ences between high-growth and low-growth areas can provide evi-dence that may help declining cities reverse their fortunes. In 1980, Austin, Texas, and Syracuse, New York, were roughlythe same size. The Austin metro area had a population of about590,000, and the Syracuse metro area had about 643,000 residents.By 2007, Austin’s population had increased by more than 1 millionwhile Syracuse’s population had been stagnant. That same disparityexists when one examines the growth of employment and real per-sonal income. Another disparity between the two areas is the taxburden. State and local taxes accounted for nearly 13 percent ofpersonal income in Syracuse but only about 9 percent in Austin.Although there are numerous factors that can influence the growthof individual economies, one finds a consistent relationshipbetween low taxes and high economic growth in metropolitanareas, in states, and in nations. This article details that relationship between taxes and growth forthe 100 largest U.S. metropolitan areas. In the 10 highest-tax metroareas, the state and local tax burden accounted for about 12.4 percentof personal income. In those same areas, population grew byCato Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Spring/Summer 2011). Copyright © Cato Institute.All rights reserved.Dean Stansel is an Associate Professor of Economics in the Lutgert College ofBusiness at Florida Gulf Coast University in Fort Myers. He thanks Edward J.
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